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Apr 14, 2021 R. Vasmer
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"Māzandarān," by R. Vasmer with C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 9 searchable pdf pages. The article, which has extensive bibliographies, describes a province to the south of the Caspian Sea in Iran, and covers: 1. The Name; 2. Geography; 3. Ethnology; 4. Language; 5. Historical Geography; 6. History; and 7. Coinage. A Wikipedia entry describes the province and has additional links. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Caspian, Mazandaran, Gilan,...
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Apr 14, 2021 Garnik Asatrian
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"The Lord of Cattle in Gilan," by Garnik Asatrian, from Iran & the Caucasus , Vol. 6, No. 1/2 (2002), pp. 75-85, in 12 searchable pdf pages. This is the story of Siyah-galesh, chief master and guard of the animals, information collected by Asatrian during an expedition to Gilan. "Everywhere in Gilan and Mazandaran, Siyah-galesh is imagined as an invisible herdsman, an old man clad in black wool or hides, stick in hand, the symbol of herdsmanship, or as a large, tall,...
Topics: Folklore, Beliefs, Myths, Legends, Gilan, Cattle, Deities, Gods, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian,...
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Apr 14, 2021 B. Spuler
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"Gīlān," by B. Spuler, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 3 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry on the history of this district located on the southwestern coast of the Caspian Sea, in Iran. Encyclopaedia Iranica has many entries on Gilān . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Caspian, Gilan, Ancient, Medieval,...
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Apr 13, 2021 Marius Canard
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"al-Djazira," by Marius Canard, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 3 searchable pdf pages. The term means "island" in Arabic and refers to Upper Mesopotamia. A Wikipedia entry describes the important civilizational role this area has played. More detailed material is available at Encyclopaedia Iranica . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Mesopotamia, Tigris, Euphrates, Syria, Assyria, Asori, Armenia, Armenian,...
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Apr 13, 2021 Anahide Ter Minassian
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"Van 1915," by Anahide Ter Minassian, from Armenian Van/Vaspurakan , Volume 1 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces , edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2000), Chapter 12, pp. 209-244, in 36 searchable pdf pages, with photos. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923, and Internet Archive has additional material .
Topics: History, Historical, Van, Vaspurakan, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Turkey, Ottoman Empire, Turks,...
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Apr 13, 2021 R. N. Frye
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"Arrān," by R. N. Frye, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1986), in 3 searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry describes what is known about the territories in the Caucasus designated by this term. C. E. Bosworth's article (Arrān) in Encyclopaedia Iranica is more detailed and has additional bibliography. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works on Arran , including an English translation of Movses Dasxurants'i's History of the Aghuans , which uses the term frequently.
Topics: History, Historical, Caucasus, Caucasian, Armenia, Georgia, Adharbaydjan, Azerbaijan, Ancient,...
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Apr 13, 2021 W. Barthold
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"Khazar", by W. Barthold, with P. B. Golden, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1997), in 11 searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry describes the history of this unusual state and people in the north Caucasus, which posed a threat at times to both Byzantines and Arabs. Internet Archive has other works on the Khazars , including an English translation of Movses Dasxurants'i's History of the Aghuans .
Topics: History, Historical, Khazars, Caucasus, Caucasian, Empire, Judaism, Turkica
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Apr 13, 2021 Murtazali Gadjiev
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"On the Construction Date of the Derbend Fortification Complex," by Murtazali Gadjiev, from Iran & the Caucasus 12(2008) pp. 1-16, in 16 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "The paper discusses several aspects of the history of one of the great architectural and fortifying undertakings of the Sasanian period, namely the Derbend defensive wall. Comparing all the available data on the time of this construction, the author draws a picture of the key historical events of the...
Topics: History, Historical, Dagestan, Derbend, Derbent, Darband, Fortifications, Walls, Sasanian, Iran,...
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Apr 13, 2021 C. E. Bosworth
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"Shaddadids," by C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1997), in 3 searchable pdf pages. The history of this influential Kurdish dynasty is described generally in a Wikipedia entry ..."The Shaddadids were a Kurdish Sunni Muslim dynasty who ruled in various parts of Armenia and Arran from 951 to 1199 A.D. They were established in Dvin [and later in Ganja/Gandzak and Ani]. Through their long tenure in Armenia, they often intermarried with the Bagratuni royal family of...
Topics: History, Historical, Medieval, Kurds, Kurdish, Armenia, Arran, Dvin, Ganja, Ani, Dynasties,...
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Apr 13, 2021 Vladimir Minorsky
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"Shakkī," by Vladimir Minorsky, with C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1997), in 4 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry ( Shaki ) on this city and district in Azerbaijan. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Medieval, Caucasus, Caucasian, Caspian, Shakki, Shaki, Aghuania,...
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Apr 13, 2021 W. Barthold
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"Shīrwān" and "Shīrwān Shāh," by W. Barthold, with C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1997), in 4 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry (Shirvan) on this land in eastern Caucasia, and its powerful medieval ruler, the Shirvanshah . Bosworth has entries at Encyclopaedia Iranica with additional bibliography: Šervān , and Šervānšahs . Internet Archive has Minorsky's invaluable A History of Sharvan and Darband in the 10th-11th Centuries . Uploaded by...
Topics: History, Historical, Caucasus, Caspian, Shirwan, Shirvan, Arran, Adharbaydjan, Azerbaijan, Ancient,...
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Apr 13, 2021 Multiple authors
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"Baku," from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1986), in 3 searchable pdf pages. The medieval Islamic history of the city is described by D. M. Dunlop; the modern period (through the USSR) by A. Benningser. Wikipedia has an entry describing the ancient through modern periods in Baku's history .
Topics: History, Historical, Caucasus, Caspian, Baku, Arran, Adharbaydjan, Azerbaijan, Cities, Ancient,...
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Apr 13, 2021 Richard G. Hovannisian
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"The Competition for Erzerum, 1914-1921," by Richard G. Hovannisian, from Armenian Karin/Erzerum, Volume 4 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2003), Chapter 15, pp. 365-407. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923, and Internet Archive has additional material . Contents: Introduction Erzerum during World War I Erzerum and Armenian Desiderata Erzerum and the...
Topics: History, Historical, Karin, Erzerum, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Turkey, Ottoman Empire, Turks,...
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Apr 12, 2021 Multiple authors
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"Turkey and Azerbaijan: On the Myth of Sharing the Same Origin and Culture," by Çakir Ceyhan Suvari, Elif Kanca, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 16, No. 2 (2012), pp. 247-256, in 11 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "This study looks at Turkish manuals and textbooks, approved by the Ministry of Education of Turkey and used at different levels of the education system, to compile clues regarding the potent identity questions assumed to exist in the relationship between...
Topics: History, Historical, Origins, Culture, Cultural Anthropology, Turks, Turkic, Central Asia,...
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"The Location of Azaris on the Patrilineal Genetic Landscape of the Middle East (A Preliminary Report)," by Levon Yepiskoposian, Ashot Margarian, Laris Andonian, Vahid Rashidvash, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 15, No. 1/2, Jubilee Volume (2011), pp. 73-78, in 7 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "The origin of the Turkic-speaking population of the north-western province Iran, the so-called Azaris, is the subject of multi-year debate. Here, we present preliminary...
Topics: DNA, Genetics, Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Azeris, Azaris, Turks, Turkish, Central Asia,...
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Apr 12, 2021 Vladimir Minorsky
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"Adharbaydjan," by Vladimir Minorsky, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1986), in 5 searchable pdf pages. A brief account of the area's history from antiquity through the Soviet period. Wikipedia has entries on its history, Atropatene (in ancient times), and Adurbadagan (in medieval and modern times). For more detail, see Encyclopaedia Iranica : 1. Geography , by X. de Planhol; 2. Archaeology , by W. Kleiss; and 3. Pre-Islamic History , by K. Schippmann. Internet Archive has a collection...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Caucasus, Caspian, Azerbaijan, Atropatene, Adurbadagan, Caucasian,...
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Apr 12, 2021 John A. C. Greppin
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"The Armenian Onomatopoetic Verbal Infix in -(a)(n)ch'-," by John A. C. Greppin, from Annual of Armenian Linguistics 16(1995), pp. 53-66, in 14 searchable pdf pages. Greppin observes the ending (ա)(ն)չ. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Linguistics, Language, Armenian, Armenia, Indo-European, Greek, Sanskrit
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Apr 12, 2021 Richard G. Hovannisian
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"The Contest for Kars, 1914-1921," by Richard G. Hovannisian, from Armenian Kars and Ani, Volume 10 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2011), Chapter 13, pp. 273-317. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923, and Internet Archive has additional material . Contents: The Strategic Position of Kars Turkish Occupation in 1918 British, Armenians, and Muslim The...
Topics: History, Historical, Kars, Ani, Geography, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Turkey, Ottoman Empire,...
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Apr 12, 2021 Ruslan Seferbekov
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"Patron Deities of the Hunt and Wild Animals in Dagestan," by Ruslan Seferbekov, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 16, No. 3 (2012), pp. 301-307, in 8 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "The paper discusses the characteristic features and spheres of activities of the patron deities of the hunt, masters of the animals and protectors of game and wildlife in the folk beliefs of the Dagestani highlanders--different groups of Avars, Lak Lezgins, Dargins, Tabasaranis, Tsakhurs,...
Topics: Folklore, Myths, Mythology, Beliefs, Legends, Demons, Hunt, Animals, Deities, Dagestan, Dagestani,...
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Apr 12, 2021 Michael Shenkar
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"Temple Architecture in the Iranian World before the Macedonian Conquest," by Michael Shenkar, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 11, No. 2 (2007), pp. 169-194, in 27 searchable pdf pages, with many illustrations and extensive bibliography. "In this paper the term Iran or Iranian World/Region reaches beyond the borders of the modern Islamic Republic and refers to the region from the Hindu-Kush mountains in the East to the Zagros ridge in the West and from Transoxania in the North...
Topics: Temples, Iran, Persia, Ancient, Architecture, Altars, Fire, Worship, Beliefs, Achaemenids, Iranian,...
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Apr 11, 2021 Richard G. Hovannisian
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"Sebastia in the Aftermath of Genocide," by Richard G. Hovannisian, from Armenian Sebastia/Sivas and Lesser Armenia , Volume 5 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2004), Chapter 16, pp. 427-461. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.  Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923, and Internet Archive has additional material . Contents: Introduction; Sivas after World War I and Armenian Claims Projections...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Sebastia, Sivas, Lesser Armenia, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenians,...
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Apr 11, 2021 Vladimir Minorsky
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"Tiflis," by Vladimir Minorsky with C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (2000), in 3 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry on Tiflis , the pre-1936 name of the capital of Georgia in the Caucasus, now Tbilisi. Internet Archive also has the longer entry al-Kurdj (Georgia) from EI. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Tiflis, Tbilis, Iberia, Iberian, Georgia, Georgian, Demography, Ethnography,...
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Apr 11, 2021 Vladimir Minorsky
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al-Kurdj [Gurdj, Gurdjistan, Iberia/Georgia], by Vladimir Minorsky with C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1986), in 13 searchable pdf pages. This is a brief history of medieval Georgia, mostly based on Islamic sources. Wikipedia has many entries on the Caucasian country and its varied population. Internet Archive also has many works on Georgian history and culture, and especially on the role of Armenians in Georgia . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Iberia, Iberian, Georgia, Georgian, Tiflis, Tbilis, Demography, Ethnography,...
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Apr 11, 2021 Garnik Asatrian; Hayrapet Margarian
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"The Muslim Community of Tiflis (8th-19th Centuries)," by Garnik Asatrian, Hayrapet Margarian, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 8, No. 1 (2004), pp. 29-52, in 25 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry on Tblisi , the pre-1936 name of the capital of  Georgia in the Caucasus. This beautiful multi-ethnic city has played an important role in the history of its neighbors and is an important cultural center. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Tiflis, Tbilis, Iberia, Iberian, Georgia, Georgian, Demography, Ethnography,...
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Apr 10, 2021 Robert Drews
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"Sargon, Cyrus, and Mesopotamian Folk History," by Robert Drews, from Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 33, No. 4 (Oct., 1974), pp. 387-393, in 8 searchable pdf pages. Wikpedia has entries about both these historical figures, whose lives and deeds became surrounded by similar legends: Sargon , Cyrus . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the author .
Topics: Folklore, Legend, Myths, Mythology, Motifs, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, Asia Minor, Near East,...
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Apr 10, 2021 Vladimir Livshits
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"Armeno-Partho-Sogdica," by Vladimir Livshits, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 10 1(2006), pp. 77-86, in 11 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "The article deals with the Parthian lexical elements of East Iranian (Sogdian) origin in the Armenian language. The author gives a general outline of the problem and provides several new identifications." Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works relating to Armenian linguistics .
Topics: Linguistics, Language, Armenia, Armenian, Parthian, Sogdian, Persian, Iranian, Lexemes, Etymologies
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Apr 10, 2021 Christopher J. Walker
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"The End of Armenian Taron and Baghesh, 1914-1916," by Christopher J. Walker, from Armenian Baghesh/Bitlis and Taron/Mush, Volume 2 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2001), Chapter 11, pp. 191-206. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923 . Internet Archives has additional material .
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Lake Van, Bitlis, Bidlis, Baghesh, Taron, Mush, Asia Minor,...
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Apr 10, 2021 Thomas A. Sinclair
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"The Armenians and the Kurdish Emirs of Bitlis under the Kara Koyunlu," by Thomas A. Sinclair, from Armenian Baghesh/Bitlis and Taron/Mush , Volume 2 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2001), Chapter 9, pp. 155-174. This excellent study covers the 14th-15th centuries. The city, located to the southwest of Lake Van, played an important role in the history of Asia Minor over the millennia. Wikipedia has many entries on...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Lake Van, Bitlis, Bidlis, Baghesh, Ancient, Medieval, Asia Minor,...
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Apr 9, 2021 J. H. Kramers
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"Mush," by J. H. Kramers, with C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1993), in 3 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry (Muş) , which describes the history of this important city located to the northwest of Lake Van. Wikipedia  has many other entries about the city and district . Internet Archive has works relating to the Armenian past of Mush , part of the historical district of Taron. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Lake Van, Mush, Taron, Ancient, Medieval, Asia Minor, Armenia,...
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Apr 9, 2021 Victoria Arakelova
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"The Zaza People as a New Ethno-Political Factor in the Region," by Victoria Arakelova, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 3/4 (1999/2000), pp. 397-408, in 13 searchable pdf pages. A thought-provoking study of a distinctive group of 4-5 million people in central Anatolia. Encyclopaedia Iranica has an extensive article with bibliography, Dimlī (or Zāzā) , by Garnik Asatrian. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Ethnography, Ethnology, Turkey, Asia Minor, Anatolia, History, Historical, Zaza, Dimli, Armenians,...
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Apr 9, 2021 Alexander Khachatrian
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"The Kurdish Principality of Hakkariya (14th-15th Centuries)," by Alexander Khachatrian, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 7, No. 1/2 (2003), pp. 37-58, in 23 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry on the Emirate of Hakkari , which was founded in the 14th century and lasted until 1845. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Lake Van, Lake Urmia, Hakkari, Hekari, Medieval, Asia Minor, Kurds,...
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Apr 9, 2021 G. L. Lewis
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"Bidlīs" (Bitlis), by G. L. Lewis, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1986), in 3 searchable pdf pages. The city, located to the southwest of Lake Van, played an important role in the history of Asia Minor over the millennia. Wikipedia has many entries on this city and province: Bitlis .  Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has works relating to the Armenian past of Bitlis , which Armenians call Baghesh.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Lake Van, Bitlis, Bidlis, Baghesh, Ancient, Medieval, Asia Minor,...
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Apr 9, 2021 Hrach Martirosian
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"On Armenian čiw 'shank'," by Hrach Martirosian, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 9, No. 1 (2005), pp. 81-84, in 5 searchable pdf pages. Etymology of the word ճիւ. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has a collection of works relating to Armenian linguistics .
Topics: Linguistics, Language, Armenia, Armenian, Etymologies
"The Arbitral Award on Turkish-Armenian Boundary by Woodrow Wilson (Historical Background, Legal Aspects, and International Dimensions)," by Ara Papian from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 11, No. 2 (2007), pp. 255-294, in 41 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: The paper is "...a study of the history of the involvement of Woodrow Wilson (the 28th President of the USA, 1913-1921), in the fate of the Armenian people after WWI and the Republic of Armenia (1918-1920), especially...
Topics: History, Historical, Modern, Asia Minor, Anatolia, Turkey, Ottoman Empire, Armenia, Armenian,...
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Apr 8, 2021 Vladimir Minorsky; F. Taeschner
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"Akhlat," by Vladimir Minorsky and F. Taeschner, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1986), in 3 searchable pdf pages. The city, located at the northwestern corner of Lake Van in Asia Minor, was known to the Urartians, and has been inhabited for millennia. A Wikipedia entry describes its medieval and modern history. Internet Archive has other works on the Lake Van area . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Lake Van, Akhlat, Khilat, Xlat, Khlat, Ancient, Medieval, Asia...
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Apr 8, 2021 Vladimir Minorsky
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"Mardin," by Vladimir Minorsky, with C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 4 searchable pdf pages. The article concentrates on the medieval and modern periods. A Wikipedia entry describes what is known about the city in ancient times. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Mardin, Merdin, Ancient, Medieval, Asia Minor, Syria, Syrian,...
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Apr 8, 2021 Tha'alibi; C. E. Bosworth, translator
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The Book of Curious and Entertaining Information, The Lata'if al-ma'arif of Tha'alibi (Edinburgh, 1968), translated from Arabic by C. E. Bosworth, in 174 bookmarked and searchable pages. The life of Tha'alibi (961–1038) from Nishapur in Persia/Iran, and his works are described in a Wikipedia entry . Scanned by Robert Bedrosian. Contents: Introduction. Tha'alibi and the composition of the Lata'if al-ma'arif 1. The author and his age 2. Tha'alibi's literary work 3. The work and its contents The...
Topics: Literature, Curiosities, Entertainment, History, Historical, Ancient, Medieval, Islam, Islamic,...
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Apr 8, 2021 Multiple authors
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"Tur Abdin," from Encyclopaedia of Islam (2000), in 4 searchable pdf pages, by M. Streck, W. P. Heinricks, and C. E. Bosworth. A Wikipedia entry describes the history of this hilly region in northern Mesopotamia which is dotted with Syrian Christian monasteries. Google Images has additional photos: Tur Abdin .
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Ras al-Ain, Ancient, Medieval, Asia Minor, Syria, Syrian, Syriac,...
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Apr 8, 2021 Ernst Honigmann
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"Ra's al-'Ayn'," by Ernst Honigman, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1995), in 4 searchable pdf pages. The city is one of the oldest in upper Mesopotamia. The article covers the period from the 4th through the 14th centuries. A Wikipedia entry describes its ancient through modern history. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Ras al-Ain, Ancient, Medieval, Asia Minor, Syria, Syrian, Iran,...
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Apr 7, 2021 Arpiné Khatchadourian
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"The Oath and the Curse as a Source of Action in David of Sassoun, " by Arpiné Khatchadourian, from David of Sassoun. Critical Studies on the Armenian Epic (Fresno, 2013), Dickran Kouymjian and Barlow Der Mugrdechian, editors, pp. 133-146, in 15 searchable pdf pages. Internet Archive has several works on David of Sasun ; and also other resources on the folklore of Asia Minor and neighboring areas. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Literature, Poetry, Folklore, Myths, Mythology, Armenia, Armenian, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Epics,...
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Apr 7, 2021 C. E. Bosworth; Michael O'Neal
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"In Memoriam: Clifford Edmund Bosworth," from the journal Al-ʿUṣūr al-Wusṭā 23 (2015), by Michael O’Neal, in 39 searchable pdf pages. A bibliography of hundreds of invaluable writings on the Middle East by C. E. Bosworth .
Topics: Bibliographies, Middle Eastern, Near Eastern, Arabica, Iranica, Islamica, History, Historical,...
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Apr 7, 2021 Suraiya Faroqhi
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"Sīwās [Sivas]," by Suraiya Faroqhi, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1997), in 4 searchable pdf pages. The article covers the medieval through modern periods. A Wikipedia entry (Sivas) describes what is known about the ancient and medieval history of this city in eastern Asia Minor.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Sebastia, Sivas, Ancient, Medieval, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenians,...
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Apr 7, 2021 Haig Berberian
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"Սեբաստիա Sebastia (1398-1401)," by Haig Berberian, from Armeniaca Mélanges d'études arméniennes (Venice, 1969), pp. 267-288, in 23 searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia  entry (Sivas) describes what is known about the ancient and medieval history of this city in eastern Asia Minor. Internet Archive has other works on the Armenian history of Sebastia, as well as a Bibliography of Berberian's extensive works.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Sebastia, Sivas, Ancient, Medieval, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenians,...
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Apr 6, 2021 Multiple authors
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"al-Thughur," by C. E. Bosworth and J. D. Latham, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (2000), in 5 searchable pdf pages. "...[the term] is more specifically used in the plural for the lines of fortifications protecting the gaps along such frontiers as that in south-eastern Anatolia between the Arabs and Byzantines (see 1. below) and for the march lands in al-Andalus between the Arabs and the Christian kingdoms to the north (see 2. below). But it is not infrequently employed by the...
Topics: History, Historical, Borderlands, Fortifications, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire, Arabs, Caliphate,...
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Apr 6, 2021 Vladimir Minorsky; C. E. Bosworth
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"Nakhčiwān" [Naxichevan], by Vladimir Minorsky and C. E. Bosworth from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 3 searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry describes the history of this district in the Caucasus. Internet Archive has other works on the Armenian history of the area.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Nakhichevan, Naxchawan, Ancient, Medieval, Caucasus, Mesopotamia,...
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Apr 5, 2021 Multiple authors
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"al-Mawṣil" [Mosul], by multiple authors from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 5 searchable pdf pages. E. Honigmann and C. E. Bosworth trace the ancient and medieval history of this city. P. Sluglett continues with the Ottoman and modern periods. A Wikipedia entry describes the history of the city on the banks of the Tigris, across from ancient Nineveh.  "Mosul, together with the nearby Nineveh plains, is one of the historic centers of the Assyrian people and their churches;...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Cities, Ancient, Medieval, Mesopotamia, Assyrians, Asori, Syriacs,...
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Apr 5, 2021 Mushegh Asatrian
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"Ibn Khaldūn on Magic and the Occult," by Mushegh Asatrian, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 7, No. 1/2 (2003), pp. 73-123, in 52 searchable pdf pages.  Ibn Khaldun , one of the greatest medieval historians, had much to say on popular superstitions in the Muqadamma (1377), the first book of his extensive history.  Asatrian examines the following topics:  The Place of Man in the Chain of Being; Human Soul; Types of Human Souls; The Perception of Knowledge by Ibn Khaldun; The...
Topics: Folklore, Magic, Occult, Superstitions, Philosophy, Medieval, History, Historical, Historiography,...
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Apr 5, 2021 Multiple authors; E. Honigmann
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"al-Ruha," from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1995), in 6 searchable pdf pages. E. Honigmann and C. E. Bosworth trace the ancient and medieval history of this city, once known as Edessa, which played an important role in Middle Eastern history and culture. Suraya Faroqhi continues through Ottoman times to the present. Wikipedia has entries on Edessa and also Urfa , its modern name. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works on Edessa .
Topics: History, Historical, Cities, Ancient, Medieval, Levant, Asia Minor, Armenians, Assyrians, Asori,...
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Apr 5, 2021 Ernst Honigmann; C. E. Bosworth
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"Rūm Ḳal'esi," by E. Honigmann and C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1995), in 3 searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry (Rumkale) describes the medieval history of the city, which (as Hr'omkla/Հռոմկլա) was the capital of the Cilician Armenian kingdom. Internet Archive has many works about the ancient and medieval history of Cilicia . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Cities, Ancient, Medieval, Levant, Armenians, Assyrians, Asori, Syriacs,...
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Apr 5, 2021 W. Barthold; Vladimir Minorsky
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"Ani," by W. Barthold and Vladimir Minorsky, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1986), in 3  searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry (Ani) describes the history of this ancient Armenian capital in eastern Asia Minor. Internet Archive has other works about Ani . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Cities, Ancient, Medieval, Asia Minor, Turkey, Ottoman Empire, Armenians,...
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Apr 5, 2021 Ernst Honigmann; C. E. Bosworth
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"Nasibin," by E. Honigmann and C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1993), in 3  searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry (Nusaybin) describes the history of this Mesopotamian city and town from antiquity through the 16th century. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Cities, Ancient, Medieval, Mesopotamia, Turkey, Ottoman Empire, Assyrians,...
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Apr 4, 2021 Geo Widengren
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Mani and Manichaeism, by Geo Widengren (London, 1965), translated from German by Charles Kessler, in 179 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Contents: 1. Mani's Background; 2. Mani's Life; 3. Mani's Teaching-1; 4. Mani's Teaching-2; 5. The Manichaen Script and Literature; 6. The Ecclesiastical Organization and the Cult; 7. Manichaean Art; 8. The Spread of Manichaeism; 9. Mani as Personality. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Religions, Ancient, Medieval, Manichaeism, Manicheism, Mani, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian,...
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Apr 4, 2021 Ruslan Seferbekov
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"On the Demonology of the Tabasaranians: Typology and Description," by Ruslan Seferbekov, from Iran and the Caucasus 5(2001), pp. 139-148, in 11 searchable pdf pages. The Tabasaranians are an ancient people living mostly in Dagestan in the Northeast Caucasus. The article discusses domestic serpents, the Boggard (Rux), demons active during child birth; demons impersonating diseases, cemetary demons, and more. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Folklore, Legends, Beliefs, Caucasus, Caucasian Tabasarians, Dagestan, Dagestani, Demons, Devils,...
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Apr 3, 2021 M. Djanachian
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"Les Arménistes et les Mékhitaristes," by M. Djanachian/Janashian, from Armeniaca Mélanges d'études arméniennes (Venice, 1969), pp. 383-445, in 64 searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry describes the history of the Armenian Catholic Benedictine communities of Venice and Vienna, and their role in the preservation and study of Armenian culture, from 1717 to the present. Father Janashian's article is the most thorough of its kind in a European language. See also Victor Langlois'...
Topics: Scholarship, Armenian, European, Italy, Monasteries, Culture, Study, Publications, Printing, San...
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Apr 3, 2021 Multiple authors
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"Arminiya," from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1986), in 20 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages, with a map and extensive bibliographies. The sections of this article were written by Cl. Cahen, J. Deny, and Marius Canard. Wikipedia has an entry describing Arminiya , which "was a political and geographic designation given by the Muslim Arabs to the lands of Greater Armenia, Caucasian Iberia [Georgia], and Caucasian Albania [Azerbaijan], following their conquest of these regions in the...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Medieval, Asia Minor, Caucasus, Armenia, Armenian, Arminiya, Arabs,...
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Apr 3, 2021 Multiple authors
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"Turks," from Encyclopaedia of Islam (2000), in 52 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages, with extensive bibliographies. This article, by numerous authors, describes the Turks of Central Asia and their impact on the history of West and East Asian countries, as well as on Europe.  Contents: 1. History; 2. Languages; 3. Literature; 4. Music; 5. Folklore.  Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has many entries about the Turks and their history . Also available at Internet Archive are...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Medieval, Central Asia, Turks, Turkic, Iran, China, Asia Minor,...
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Apr 2, 2021 C.J.F. Dowsett
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"Versification in the Armenian Epic," by Charles Dowsett, in 37 searchable pdf pages, from David of Sassoun. Critical Studies on the Armenian Epic (Fresno, 2013), Dickran Kouymjian and Barlow Der Mugrdechian, editors, pp. 97-132. Internet Archive has several works on or relating to David of Sasun ; and also other works by C.J.F. Dowsett, the renowned British Armenist. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Literature, Poetry, Folklore, Myths, Mythology, Armenia, Armenian, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Epics,...
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Apr 2, 2021 Marius Canard
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"Cilicia," by Marius Canard, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 7 searchable pdf pages. This is a geographical and historical outline of the area from the 7th century A.D., through the medieval Armenian kingdom, its conquest by the Mameluks, and into the early 20th century. A Wikipedia entry describes earlier and later times. Internet Archive has other works on Cilicia , its inhabitants, and their cultures.
Topics: History, Historical, Medieval, Geography, Levant, Greece, Rome, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire,...
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Apr 2, 2021 Prods Oktor Skjaervo
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"Iranian Epic and the Manichaean 'Book of Giants'. Irano-Manichaica III," by Prods Oktor Skjærvø, from Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 1995, Vol. 48, No. 1/2, pp. 187-223, in 38 searchable pdf pages. "Manichean literature provides independent evidence for the Iranian epic traditions in the early Sasanian period and is therefore of crucial importance for understanding how it developed." From the resume: "In this paper I shall discuss the relationship...
Topics: Folklore, Myths, Mythology, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Giants, Magic, Origins, Ahura Mazda,...
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Apr 1, 2021 Levon Abrahamian
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"The Chained Hero: The Cave and the Labyrinth," by Levon Abrahamian, from Iran and the Caucasus, Vol. 11 (2007) No. 1, pp. 89-99, in 12 searchable pdf pages. The distinguished philologist explores the story of the chained hero, which appears in myths from the Caucasus and the Near/Middle East; the hero's ambivalence; motifs of twins, snakes (dragons), and dragon-fighting; the hero's chthonic nature; his imprisonment in a labyrinth-like cave; his initiation, and other topics. Wikipedia...
Topics: Folklore, Epics, Myths, Mythology, Tales, Prometheus, Heroes, Sagas, Caucasus, Caucasian, Asia...
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Apr 1, 2021 Narine Gevorgian
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"On the Ossetic Legend about Art'awyz," by Narine Gevorgian, from Iran and the Caucasus 11(2007) No. 1, pp. 101-105, in 6 searchable pdf pages. The Ossetic legend belongs to the Prometheus cycle and bears a close resemblance to the Armenian story about Artawazd, a mythical hero known from Armenian folk literature. The author suggests that these are two versions of a single saga. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. On the Nart Saga see the Wikipedia entry (Nart Saga) ; Internet Archive also...
Topics: Folklore, Epics, Myths, Mythology, Tales, Ossetia, Ossetian, Narts, Sagas, Alans, Scythia,...
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Apr 1, 2021 Multiple authors
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"Saldjukids," from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1995), in 50 searchable pdf pages, with plates. This fine article is the work of multiple authors, and describes the Saljuqs/Seljuqs/Seljuks who created a world empire in the 11th-12th centuries. A Wikipedia entry (Seljuk Empire) describes its history and achievements. Internet Archive has other works on the Saljuqs and also a collection of Turco-Mongolica . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Medieval, Central Asia, Asia Minor, Anatolia, Turkey, Empires, Saljuqs,...
"Հայկական և հյուսիսկովկասյան նարթական էպոսների հարաբերությունը [The Connection between Armenian and North Caucasian Nart Epics]," from Հայ ժողովրդական էպոսը և համաշխարհային էպիկական ժառանգությունը [The Armenian Folk Epic and the Legacy of World Epics] (Erevan, 2012), pp. 8-51, in 44 pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry (Nart Saga) describes the characters in the sagas and has...
Topics: Folklore, Epics, Myths, Mythology, Tales, Ossetia, Ossetian, Narts, Sagas, Caucasus, Caucasian,...
"Структурные связи армянских и осетинского нартского эпосов [Structural Connections between the Armenian and Ossetian Nart Epics]," by Armen Petrosyan, from Հայկական էպոսը և համաշխարհային էպիկական ժառանգությունը [The Armenian Epic and the International Epic Legacy], 4(Erevan, 2014), pp. 47-53, in 13 pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry (Nart Saga) describes the characters in the sagas and has...
Topics: Folklore, Epics, Myths, Mythology, Tales, Ossetia, Ossetian, Narts, Sagas, Caucasus, Caucasian,...
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Mar 31, 2021 W. Barthold; C. J. Heywood
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"Kars," by W. Barthold and C. J. Heywood, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1997), in 4 searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry describes the history of this city in eastern Asia Minor; Google Images has photos of Kars ; and Internet Archive has other works about its history . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Medieval, Modern, Cities, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Kars,...
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Mar 31, 2021 Dickran Kouymjian
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"The History and Enigma of the Armenian Epic," and "Sasounts'i Davit': Synopsis of the Official Version of the Armenian Epic," by Dickran Kouymjian, in 34 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. These two chapters, which contain precious information for studying the epic, comprise pages 1-33 of David of Sassoun. Critical Studies on the Armenian Epic (Fresno, 2013), Dickran Kouymjian and Barlow Der Mugrdechian, editors.  Attached to the document are links to additional...
Topics: Folklore, Legends, Myths, Mythology, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire, Asia Minor, Anatolia, Turkey,...
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Mar 30, 2021 Yorgos Dedes, translator
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The Battalname, translated from Turkish into English by Yorgos Dedes, in 246 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The translation appears on pp. 99-334 of volume one of Dedes' two-volume work Battalname (Cambridge, Ma., 1996), and was made from a 15th-century manuscript. However, much of the tale itself dates back to a historical figure of the early 8th century, Abdallah al-Battal . The legends about him and his exploits centered around the city of Melitene/Malatya and turned into an epic of...
Topics: Folklore, Legends, Myths, Mythology, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire, Asia Minor, Anatolia, Turkey,...
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Mar 30, 2021 Charles R. Barton
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"Arm. p'ayl, p'aylic', p'aylem, 'flash, shine'," by Charles R. Barton, from Annual of Armenian Linguistics 16(1995), pp. 19-24, in 6 searchable pdf pages. The author proposes an etymology for the word փայլ. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Language, Linguistics, Armenian, Indo-European, Etymologies
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Mar 30, 2021 Garnik Asatrian
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"Armenian Demonology: A Critical Overview," by Garnik Asatrian, from Iran and the Caucasus 17(2013), pp. 9-25. The most thorough discussion of the topic available, written by a world-renowned philologist, and covering the Classical and Middle Armenian texts and modern dialects, including Western Armenian traditions. Asatrian "presents a full list of the Armenian demons of different periods, critically revising the origin of their names and functions on a comparative...
Topics: Folklore, Mythology, Myths, Legends, Demons, Evil Spirits, Devils, Satans, Fairies, Armenia,...
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Mar 29, 2021 Nadia El-Cheikh; C. E. Bosworth
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"Rūm," by Nadia El-Cheikh and C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1995), in 7 searchable pdf pages. Nadia El-Cheikh describes Rūm in Arabic literature, where it refers to "Roman" or Byzantine lands (Asia Minor), and Bosworth describes the relations between the Islamic powers and the Byzantines. A Wikipedia entry has additional bibliography. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Asia Minor, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire, Anatolia, Turkey, Greeks,...
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Mar 29, 2021 Aram Ter-Ghewondyan
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"A Twelfth Century Arabic Version of the Armenian Folk Epic Sasna Tsrer, " by Aram Ter-Ghewondyan, from David of Sassoun. Critical Studies on the Armenian Epic (Fresno, 2013), Dickran Kouymjian and Barlow Der Mugrdechian, editors, pp. 55-60, in 7 searchable pdf pages. In this episode, which does not appear in the Armenian version in the same form, the main figure is Taron, the beautiful Amazon daughter of the Armenian king, who wrestles with and defeats all prospective suitors....
Topics: Epics, Literature, Folklore, Legends, David of Sasun, Heterodox, History, Historical, Ancient,...
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Mar 29, 2021 Halil Inalcik
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"Erzurum," by Halil Inalcik, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 2 searchable pdf pages. The entry concentrates on the late medieval and modern periods. Wikipedia has an entry on this city in eastern Asia Minor in ancient through modern times ; Internet Archive has many works on the ancient and medieval history of the city and district; and Google Images has pictures of Erzurum . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Karin, Garin, Byzantium, Byzantine...
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Mar 28, 2021 Prods Oktor Skjaervo
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An Introduction to Manicheism, by Prods Oktor Skjærvø (2006), in 65 searchable pdf pages. This is an excellent work with extensive bibliography, and was used by the author in an Early Iranian Civilizations course at Harvard. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Religions, History, Historical, Ancient, Medieval, Manichaeism, Manicheism, Iran, Persia, Iranian,...
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Mar 28, 2021 Marius Canard
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"Diyār Bakr," by Marius Canard, Claude Cahen, and J. Sourdel-Thomine, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 6 searchable pdf pages. The entry describes the medieval and modern history of Diyar Bakr, also known historically as Amid/Amida. Wikipedia has entries on modern Diyarbakir , medieval Diyar Bakr , and ancient Amida . See also Robert H. Hewsen's study, Armenia on the Tigris: the Vilayet of Diarbekir and the Sanjak of Urfa . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire, Arabs,...
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Mar 28, 2021 Geo Widengren
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"Manichaeism and Its Iranian Background," by Geo Widengren, from Cambridge History of Iran (London, 1983), Volume 3(2), Chapter 27(a), pp. 965-990, with Bibliography, in 36 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Attached to the document are linke to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the author .
Topics: Religions, History, Historical, Ancient, Medieval, Manichaeism, Manicheism, Iran, Persia, Iranian,...
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Mar 28, 2021 C. E. Bosworth; Vladimir Minorsky
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"Wān [Van]," by C. E. Bosworth and V. Minorsky, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (2002), in 3 searchable pdf pages. The article deals with the medieval and early modern periods. A Wikipedia entry describes the history of this city, region, and lake in eastern Asia Minor from ancient times to the present. Internet Archive has many work describing the ancient and medieval history of Van/Vaspurakan . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire, Arabs,...
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"The Significance of the Narrative Describing the Traditional Origin of the Armenians," by E. V. Gulbekian, from Le Muséon 86(1973), pp. 365-375, in 11 searchable pdf pages. The author examines the short Armenian document known as the Primary History, information from Movses of Khoren's History, and other material, about early Armenian origins. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has English translations of the Primary History and of the first two books of Movses' History...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Remote, Antiquity, Myths, Mythology, Legends, Heroes, Origins,...
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Mar 27, 2021 G. Manojlović; Henri Grégoire
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"Le peuple de Constantinople," by G. Manojlović and Henri Grégoire, from Byzantion, Vol. 11, No. 2 (1936), pp. 617-716, in 101 searchable pdf pages. A stimulating look at the composition of the city of Constantinople/Istanbul, focusing on the 6th century. A Wikipedia entry describes the city's ancient and medieval history. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Medieval, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire, Constantinople, Empires, Court,...
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Mar 25, 2021 Ernst Honigmann; S. Faroqhi
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"Malatya," by Ernst Honigmann and S. Faroqhi, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 4 searchable pdf pages. Honigmann describes the ancient history of the city known from Hittite times as Melida, and subsequently as Melitene/Malatya by Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Saljuqs and others. Faroqhi continues with the Ottoman and modern periods.  Wikipedia has an entry on this city which changed hands frequently and was populated by Armenians, Arabs, Assyrians, Greeks, Jews, Turks,...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Ancient, Remote, Antiquity, Greece, Rome, Roman, Byzantine,...
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Mar 25, 2021 Vera Basch Moreen
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Three Studies on Judeo-Persian Epics, by Vera Basch Moreen, in 70 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Internet Archive has other works under the keyword Judeo-Persian . Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Contents: "The Legend of Adam in the Judeo-Persian Epic 'Bereshit [Nāmah]' (14th Century)," from Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research , Vol. 57 (1990 - 1991), pp. 155-178. "Moses, God's Shepherd: An...
Topics: Literature, Epics, Folklore, Legends, Myths, Mythology, Jews, Judaism, Iran, Persia, Hebrew,...
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Mar 25, 2021 Edward Gulbekian
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"The Attitude to War in 'The Epic of Sasoun'," by Edward Gulbekian, from Folklore, 1984, Vol. 95, No. 1 (1984), pp. 105-112, in 9 searchable pdf pages. "The present study examines certain unusual ideas on the conduct of war in The Epic of Sasoun , in particular those concerning the political objectives of war, fairness in battle, and the distinction drawn between foreign rulers and the people under their leadership." Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has Artin...
Topics: Folklore, Legends, Myths, Mythology, Armenia, Armenian, Asia Minor, Giants, War, Warfare,...
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Mar 25, 2021 Louis Leloir
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"Le moine selon la tradition arménienne," by Louis Leloir, from Armeniaca Mélanges d'études arméniennes (Venice, 1969), pp. 16-32, in 18 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Contents: Introduction; I. Responsabilité du moine et austérité de la vocation monastique; II. Renoncement au monde et pauvreté; III. Humilité; IV. Rôle du père spirituel; V. Silence, prière et travail; Conclusion.  Scanned by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the author ; also...
Topics: Church, Christianity, Prayers, Armenia, Armenian, Monastic Life, Monks, Retreats, Solitude,...
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Mar 25, 2021 James Clackson; Frederik Kortlandt
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"Two Studies on Armenian Արիւն/Ariwn, 'Blood'," in 21 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains: "Arm. ariwn 'blood'," by James Clackson, from Annual of Armenian Linguistics, 20(1999-2000); and "Armenian Արիւն Ariwn 'Blood'," by Frederik Kortlandt, from the same journal 21(2001), pp. 11-12.  Scanned by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Linguistics, Armenian, Language, Etymologies, Indo-European, Greek, Iranian, Latin, Vedic
"Frontier Warriors as Cultural Mediators: Shifting Identities of Byzantine and Turkish March Fighters as Elicited from Anatolian Epic Literature," by Pinar Kayaalp, from Mediaevistik , Vol. 25 (2012), pp. 119-130, in 13 searchable pdf pages. The author compares similar motifs in two medieval epics from Asia Minor/Anatolia, both available at Internet Archive: the Byzantine Digenes Akrites (in English), and the Turkish Danishmendname (in French). Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Folklore, Legends, Myths, Mythology, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire, Asia Minor, Anatolia, Turkey,...
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"Blackmailing Amazons and Dutch Pigs: A Consideration of Epic and Folktale Motifs in Persian Historiography," by John R. Perry, from Iranian Studies , Spring, 1986, Vol. 19, No. 2 (Spring, 1986), pp. 155-165, in 12 searchable pdf pages. In this fascinating article, Perry examines Persian folklorical works including the Shahname , the Alexander Romance , and others, as well as Persian historiography, and observes three phenomena:  "1. a folktale or epic motif is attached to a...
Topics: Folklore, Legends, Myths, Mythology, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Motifs, Epics, History,...
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Mar 23, 2021 Prods Oktor Skjaervo
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Three Studies on Eastern Iranian Epic Traditions , by Prods Oktor Skjærvø, in 37 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry describes the life and achievements of the distinguished Iranist. The present document also has links to the author's many articles at Encyclopaedia Iranica online.  Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Contents: "Eastern Iranian Epic Traditions I: Siyāvaš and Kunāla," from Mir curad. Studies in Honor of Calvert Watkins , edited by Jay Jasanoff...
Topics: Epics, Iran, Iranian, Persia, Persian, Legends, Folklore, China, India, Myths, Mythology, Heroes,...
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Mar 22, 2021 Speros Vryonis, Jr.
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"The Epic Scholarship of Irfan Shahîd: An Epic History of the Pre-Islamic Arabs and Their Relations with Byzantium from Constantine the Great to Heraclius and the Islamic Conquests of the Byzantine Diocese of Oriens," by Speros Vryonis, Jr., from Byzantion , 2009, Vol. 79 (2009), pp. 435-452, in 19 searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry describes the great historian's life and achievements, and has additional bibliography. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other...
Topics: History, Historical, Arab, Byzantine, Byzantium, Literature, Islam, Borderlands
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"Les racine prébyzantines dans les miniatures arméniennes (Les canons du Tétraévangile de Mougna)," by T. Ismailova, from Armeniaca Mélanges d'études arméniennes (Venice, 1969), pp. 218-243, in 43 searchable pdf pages, with many monochrome plates.  The distinguished art historian, Tatiana Ismailova, describes the lavishly illuminated manuscript (Matenadaran No. 7736, called the Gospel of Mughni) which dates from the mid-11th century. Attached to the document are links to...
Topics: Art, Armenian, Armenia, Church, Miniatures, Illuminated, Christianity, History, Historical,...
"The Historical Element in Western and Eastern Epics: Digenis, Sayyid Battal, Dat-el-Hemma, Antar, and 'Chanson de Roland'," by Henri Grégoire, from Byzantion , Vol. 16, No. 2 (1942-1943), pp. 527-544, in 19 searchable pdf pages. The article discusses Byzantine and Arabo-Turkish epics and their influence on the European Song of Roland . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Folklore, Legends, Epics, Literature, Tales, Myths, Mythology, Chivalry, Song of Roland, Asia...
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Mar 19, 2021 Marius Canard
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Two Bibliographies for the Works of Marius Canard , in 46 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The file contains: "Index de l'œuvre historique de Marius Canard," by Ch. Pellat and M. Lefort, from Arabica , T. 22, Fasc. 2 (Jun., 1975), pp. 180-211; and "Marius Canard (1888-1982): A Bio-Bibliographical Notice," by Farhad Daftary, from Arabica , T. 33, Fasc. 2 (Jul., 1986), pp. 251-262. A Wikipedia entry describes the life and achievements of the renowned French Orientalist...
Topics: Bibliographies, History, Historical, Medieval, Islam, Arabs, Middle East, Near East, Byzantium,...
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Mar 18, 2021 Marius Canard
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"Dhu l'Himma," by Marius Canard, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), volume 2, pp. 233-239, in 8 pdf pages. Canard gives the best English summary of the historical, folklorical, and literary aspects of the epic called Delhemma , also known as the Battalname . Delhemma is the name of the heroine of this romance, which centers on the city of Melitene/Malatya, and uses the Byzantine-Arab wars as a backdrop for tales of wonder, love, the supernatural, and military valor. Uploaded by...
Topics: Folklore, Legend, Myths, Saints, Warriors, Islam, Arabs, Turks, History, Historical, Epics,...
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"Les principaux personnages du roman de chevalerie arabe Ḏāt al-Himma wa-l-baṭṭāl," by Marius Canard, from Arabica , T. 8, Fasc. 2 (May, 1961), pp. 158-173, in 17 searchable pdf pages. Internet Archive has an earlier study (1937) by the author on this epic, also known as the Battalname and/or Delhemma : Delhemma, Sayyid Battal et 'Omar al-No'man . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Folklore, Legend, Myths, Saints, Warriors, Islam, Arabs, Turks, History, Historical, Epics,...
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Mar 17, 2021 Marius Canard
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"Delhemma, Sayyid Battal et 'Omar al-No'man," by Marius Canard, from Byzantion , Vol. 12, No. 1/2 (1937), pp. 183-188, in 7 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry describing the plot of the epic Delhemma , a story based on centuries of warfare between Muslims and the Byzantine Empire, and full of secret Christians among the Muslims and secret Muslims among the Christians, not to mention Armenian Paulician sectarians, and other heterodox borderlords. Wikipedia also has entries...
Topics: Folklore, Legend, Myths, Saints, Warriors, Islam, Arabs, Turks, Turkey, Asia Minor, History,...
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Mar 17, 2021 Rüdiger Schmidt; Frederik Kortlandt
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"Two Studies on Armenian Նէր/Ne'r 'Sister-in-Law, Brother's Wife'," in 7 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains: "Some Remarks on Armenian Nēr 'Sister-in-Law, Brother's Wife'," by Rüdiger Schmidt, from Annual of Armenian Linguistics 17(1996), pp. 21-24; and "Arm. Nēr 'Sister-in-Law'," by Frederik Kortlandt, from the same journal 18(1997), pp. 7-9. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Linguistics, Armenian, Language, Etymologies, Indo-European, Greek, Iranian, Laryngeals
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Mar 17, 2021 Samuel Noah Kramer
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"Mythology of Sumer and Akkad," by S. N. Kramer, from Mythologies of the Ancient World (New York, 1961), Samuel Noah Kramer, editor, pp. 93-137. Wikipedia has entries on both ancient Mesopotamian cities: Sumer , and Akkad .  Internet Archive has many other works by the author, see especially Selected Writings of Samuel Noah Kramer .
Topics: Mythology, Myths, Legends, Folklore, Sumer, Sumerian, Akkad, Akkadian, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor,...
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Mar 16, 2021 Robert H. Hewsen
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"Armenians on the Aegean: The City of Smyrna," by Robert H. Hewsen, from Armenian Smyrna/Izmir (Costa Mesa, 2012), chapters 2 and 8, in 18 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Chapter 2, pp. 39-47 and Chapter 8, pp. 167-175, "Matteos Mamourian: A Smyrnean Contributor to the Western Armenian Renaissance." Wikipedia has an entries on this city, ancient and modern: Smyrna , Izmir . This is volume 11 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces , edited by Richard G....
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Asia Minor, Aegean, Smyrna, Izmir, Ancient, Medieval, Armenia,...
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Mar 16, 2021 Nicholas Adontz; Marius Canard
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"Quelques noms de personnages byzantins dans une pièce du poète arabe Abū Firās (Xe siècle)," by Nicholas Adontz and Marius Canard, from Byzantion , Vol. 11, No. 2 (1936), pp. 451-460, in 11 searchable pdf pages. The poet Abū Firās, cousin of the Hamdanid ruler Saif au-Daula, was taken prisoner by the Byzantines and kept in Constantinople from 962-966.  During this period he became acquainted with a number of Byzantine nobles, and recorded their names in a poem. Who were...
Topics: History, Historical, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire, Nobility, Armenia, Armenians, Constantinople,...
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Mar 16, 2021 Gerard Garitte
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"Saint Théodore, évêque de Karin-Théodosiopolis (VIe  siècle)," by Gerard Garitte, from Armeniaca Mélanges d'études arméniennes (Venice, 1969), pp. 1-8, in 9 searchable pdf pages. The great Garitte describes Theodore, the Armenian-Chalcedonian bishop of Karin, and the conflict between the Byzantine and Armenian churches in the 6th century. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Church, History, Chalcedonians, Monophysites, Doctrine, Dogma, History, Historical, Armenia,...
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Mar 15, 2021 Robert H. Hewsen
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"The Historical Geography of Tsopk/Sophene/Kharpert," by Robert H. Hewsen, from Armenian Tsopk/Kharpert (Costa Mesa, 2002), chapters 2 and 5, in 31 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages, with maps. Chapter 2, pp. 35-65, "Golden Plain: The Historical Geography of Tsopk/Kharpert," and Chapter 5, pp. 123-136, "The Five "Peoples" of Tsopk/Sophene. Wikipedia has an entries on this area of southeastern Asia Minor, which was a cradle of Armenian civilization: Sophene ,...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Asia Minor, Sophene, Tsopk, Kharpert, Harpoot, Abakir, Agn,...
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Mar 13, 2021 N. H. Jauari
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Քրդական ժողովրդական երգարվեստը  [Kurdish Folk Music] , by N. H. Jauari (Erevan, 1976), in 180 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Nure Hajii Jauari, a renowned specialist in Kurdish music, discusses questions of Kurdish musical notation, the musicians and their lifestyles, the genres and branches of Kurdish folk music, and the special features of the songs. Musical notation is provided for many of the examples. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian. The selections below were...
Topics: Music, Kurdish, Kurds, Epics, Ballads, Love Songs, Instrumental, Folk Music, Folk Songs, Folklore,...